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Code index

0 Indoor or Outdoor code not assigned.

1 Outdoors only, grows weakly indoors.

2 Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

3 Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

4 Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

5 Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

6 Indoors OK but not for beginners, Outdoors not OK.

7 Winter grower. Needs water in winter, not summer.

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Euphorbia clavaroides
Euphorbia clavaroides

A large underground stem sends above ground many short branches which, with their repeated branching, form a low mound to 30cm diameter. Easy to grow outdoors in good conditions.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Euphorbia coerulescens
Euphorbia coerulescens

S.African shrub eventually to 1.5m., with rounded bluish branches. (Theoretically, rhizomatous.) Bright yellow contrasting flowers produced occasionally. Prob. OK in mild gardens. Needs bright light.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Euphorbia confinalis rhodesiaca
Euphorbia confinalis rhodesiaca

Beautifully marked tree Euphorbia. Cold sensitive so don't be too ambitious growing it outdoors!

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia cooperi
Euphorbia cooperi

Candelabriform medium-sized tree Euphorbia whose branches can be marvellously shaped, reminding of dragon tails or ace of spades. Brightest light for best form. Outdoors capability unknown.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia cylindrifolia
Euphorbia cylindrifolia

Madagascan miniature. Matforming plant with small cute flowers, increasing by branching and stolons. Suits a bowl presentation in a warm position, slightly shaded.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia cylindrifolia tuberifera
Euphorbia cylindrifolia tuberifera

Very choice non-stoloniferous variant of Eu.cylindrifolia with a discoidal tuber or caudex, and radiating short branches. Suits a bonsai presentation. Water sparingly esp. when cold. Medium to bright light. Indoors only.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia decaryi
Euphorbia decaryi

Madagascan miniature. Matforming plant with small cute flowers, increasing by branching and stolons. Suits a bowl presentation in a warm position, slightly shaded.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia didiereoides
Euphorbia didiereoides

Tallest of the spiny Madagascan Euphorbias, to 2.5m ht. Complex spination bears close inspection. Flowers small, green in dense groups of up to 64. Untried outdoors; maybe OK if well drained & frost-free.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia duranii
Euphorbia duranii

Madagascan small bush to 40cm. Open branched with leaves only at the ends, exposing the lovely silvery-whitish stems which make this species special. Is "similar to milii" just like platinum is similar to tinfoil. Prob OK in mild gardens.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia enopla
Euphorbia enopla

Spiny, shrubby Euphorbia from South Africa to 1 meter high. Odd greenish-yellow flowers on the end of new spines at stem tips. Grow in bright light. Probably not suitable for outdoors.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia enterophora crassa
Euphorbia enterophora crassa

A tree Euphorbia from Madagascar. Ultimately to around 3 meters high with flattened branches, bright red and velvety on new growth. OK outdoors in well drained frost-free area in full sun.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Euphorbia ferox
Euphorbia ferox

Choice little many-headed mounder from S.Africa, with attractively thick pink/purple spines. Easy to grow in pots but also OK out in the garden in Nelson and other mild areas.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia francoisii
Euphorbia francoisii

Another of the southern Madagascan miniatures. Leaves come in many shapes, colors and mottled patterns, and remain during winter. The fat lower stem and rootstock is eminently raiseable for bonsai presentation.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia globosa
Euphorbia globosa

Forms mat of interconnected globular segments. Must have brightest light to keep segments from elongating. Interesting flowers need cleaning up when finished.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia grandialata
Euphorbia grandialata

Small tree Euphorbia to just 2m notable for the showy radiating yellowish markings on the four-sided pyramidally segmented branches. Untried outdoors in NZ, but OK in Mpumalanga.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia grandicornis
Euphorbia grandicornis

Fiercely fascinating native of S.Africa & Mozambique. Huge spines, yellow flowers. To 2m. and well branched. Outdoors only in the very best warm sheltered position. Bright light for strength & shape.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Euphorbia grandidens
Euphorbia grandidens

Treelike in shape this South African can attain 15m height! Ascending branches hold numerous whorls of 3-sided, thin, prickled branchlets. Excellent slow landscaping specimen in good soil. Mild frosts OK.

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Euphorbia graniticola
Euphorbia graniticola

Conspicuous & continuous white margin between the paired spines. A low and bushy form, it later sheds branches to show a short trunk. From Mozambique, hence may be difficult outdoors in NZ.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Euphorbia greenwayi
Euphorbia greenwayi

Basally branching mini-shrub with attractively marbled stems. Grows to around 35cms high. Unusual pinkish flowers in spring with long, thin red stigma lobes. Grow indoors in bright sunny position without overheating the roots.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia groenewaldii
Euphorbia groenewaldii

Rosette of tortured spiralling arms atop a thick raiseable rootstock. Treat as an indoor bonsai subject. Coarser and fewer-branched than E. tortirama. Not difficult.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia hedyotoides
Euphorbia hedyotoides

Rare unusual Madagascan. Twiggy shrub to 1.5 meters high with a large water storing tuber to 20cm thick. Flowers numerous, small and greenish. Easy to grow in a pot but untried outdoors.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia horrida striata
Euphorbia horrida striata

Glaucous green stems with central body growing to 180mm diameter and a mound of numerous offsets forming at base. Possibly OK outdoors in mild welldrained areas.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia inermis
Euphorbia inermis

One of the medusa head euphorbias. This one has long thin branches and quite pretty white flowers produced in profusion in late summer.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia ingens
Euphorbia ingens

Most massive Euphorbia from southern Africa, to 10m+. Fast-growing in ground or large pot. Fairly frost tolerant once taller. Yellow flowers and capsules. Juveniles have mottled stems.

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Euphorbia jansenvillensis
Euphorbia jansenvillensis

Poor Man’s Spiral Euphorbia. Forms clusters of short columns to 30cm which start spiralling after about10cm. Easy in cultivation, endangered in South Africa. For pot or rockery.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Euphorbia kamponii
Euphorbia kamponii

Recently discovered and critically endangered spineless species from Madagascar where it becomes a tree to 3 meters high with a dense crown of leafless velvety branches. Needs bright light. Worth trying outdoors.

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Euphorbia lactea
Euphorbia lactea

Indian Milk Tree. Tree Euphorbia from India with attractively mottled stems and small spines. Easy to grow in bright sunny position and suitable for warm positions outdoors. Repot regularly, in largish pot.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Euphorbia lactea Crest
Euphorbia lactea Crest

Crested succulent capable of growing in a few years into a striking, medium-sized twisted oddity. Easy to grow in bright sunny position and also suitable for outdoors in a warm well-drained spot.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Euphorbia lactea Crest Variegated
Euphorbia lactea Crest Variegated

White variegated form of a crested succulent. Alabaster white twisted oddity. Often called 'Coral Cactus' which is odd considering that it is not a cactus, that it was derived from plants living wild about an Atlantic away from the nearest cactus, and that Monvillea spegazzini Crest had, with good reason, claimed the name a half century earlier. Easy to grow in bright sunny position and possibly suitable for outdoors in a warm well-drained spot.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia lambii
Euphorbia lambii

Nicely structured shrub to 1m x 1m., with naked trunk, much-branched crown, and glaucous leaves. Large showy clusters of green flowers in spring and summer. Outdoors only, fast-growing.

1.Outdoors only, (grows weakly indoors).

"Code": "1.Outdoors only, (grows weakly indoors)."

Euphorbia leucodendron
Euphorbia leucodendron

Madagascan Ribcage. Small tree (to 4m in Madagascar) with flat or round green or sometimes reddish branches, often shaped like a ribcage. Needs brightest light if indoors. Probably OK outdoors in mild areas.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Euphorbia leuconeura
Euphorbia leuconeura

Madagascan shrub to 70cm, sometimes with a few ascending branches. 5-sided bristle-edged stems. Prolific with its inconsequential flowers. Tender outdoors.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia lydenburgensis
Euphorbia lydenburgensis

Not a cactus! Much branched cactus-like shrub to 1.2m; from Transvaal. Lovely colour combination when yellow flowers appear in September. Not sure yet of its outdoors capability in NZ.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia maleolens
Euphorbia maleolens

Interesting medusa-type with a thickened root at ground level thickened again at the tubercled head, and short arms. Head to 9cm diam (plus the arms). Seems easy to grow in bright light.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia 'Maori Doll'
Euphorbia 'Maori Doll'

Excellent hybrid of Terry Sibley of Otara. Brownskinned beauty derived from E.bupleurifolia. Offsets freely in time. Suggest indoors only.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia 'Medusa Type'
Euphorbia 'Medusa Type'

Of mixed parentage possibly involving E.gorgonis and E.pugniformis, this "medusa-head type' forms a central caudex with numerous radiating arms. Seems to be outdoor capable and quite tough.. Needs bright light.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Euphorbia milii hislopii
Euphorbia milii hislopii

A larger erect variant of the "Crown of Thorns". Has thicker stems to 1m+ ht, larger leaves, and bigger bunches of flowers on longer stems. Red flowers for much of the year. Easy bush, in garden.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Euphorbia milii Thai hybrid
Euphorbia milii Thai hybrid

Large pink flowers (3cm) in clusters on erect-growing small shrubs with leaves. Easy to grow. Outdoors OK in mild areas.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Euphorbia nivulia Crest
Euphorbia nivulia Crest

Crested form of an Indian Tree Euphorbia. Easy to grow but keep wetness out of the folds during colder weather.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia obesa
Euphorbia obesa

South Africa. Solitary globose stem to 10cm diameter, later extending into a column to 60cm in 40 years or so. Not difficult in a warm position in a pot.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia obesa Crest
Euphorbia obesa Crest

Rare freak that arose at Coromandel Cacti in about 2003. 7 years later it was separated from the mother plant.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia paulianii
Euphorbia paulianii

From northern Madagascar, has an unusual spiralling stem to 80cm high. Flowers small, greenish on much branched inflorescence. Keep dry when leaves drop in winter. Indoors only in bright light.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia persistentifolia
Euphorbia persistentifolia

Small shrublike Euphorbia to just 2m ht, notable for the quite large leaves in close parallel ranks near the tips of the light, ascending branches. Untried outdoors in NZ, but probably cold-sensitive.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia pillansii
Euphorbia pillansii

Comments later, too busy right now!

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia platyclada
Euphorbia platyclada

Bizarre miniature camouflaged to disappear on the Alluaudia forest floor. Flattened mottled red-brown stems radiate from a raiseable heavy rootstock. There are both erect and prostrate forms. Not difficult, indoors only probably.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia pseudocactus
Euphorbia pseudocactus

Yellow-green mottled much-branching low shrub to 1 metre height. Yellow flowers in autumn. Toxic latex is extremely irritating, wash if you make contact with the milky sap.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia 'Purple Rocket'
Euphorbia 'Purple Rocket'

Colourful hybrid forming a bush to 50 cms high with many stubby branches and an overall purplish hue. Grows well outdoors in a frost-free, well-drained, sunny position, or indoors in brightest light.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Euphorbia 'Red Urchin'
Euphorbia 'Red Urchin'

Shrubby red-spined CC hybrid to 40cms height. Fatter than E.enopla. Flowers on the end of new spines at stem tips. Grow in bright light. Worth trying outdoors only in frost-free well-drained situation.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia regis-jubae
Euphorbia regis-jubae

Outdoor shrub to 1.5m x 1.5m, with thick naked trunk and much-branched crown. Many clusters of yellow flowers in late winter. Looks at its best in winter. Easy & tolerant.

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Euphorbia resinifera
Euphorbia resinifera

Mound-former from the Atlas Mountains, Morocco. By repeated and dense-packed branching becomes a mound to 60cm+ in diameter. In NZ seems tolerant of rockery situations in at least mild areas.

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Euphorbia royleana
Euphorbia royleana

Tree-like to 8m high and fat stem to 50 cm diameter! Vigorous, upwardly mobile and probably fairly hardy as it comes from hilly areas of India. Leaves soon drop and leave trunk naked. Try outdoors?

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Euphorbia sap in eye
Euphorbia sap in eye

The white milky sap contained in all Euphorbia species can be very irritating, especially in the eyes and the smallest amount can trigger a painful experience. Remedy: do NOT flush with water, it makes the pain worse! Instead, use medicinal liquid paraffin to sluice the eye, and slowly it will wash away the irritating substance. (We do not mean the fuel known sometimes as paraffin = kerosene).

0.Empty

"Code": "0.Empty"

Euphorbia sipolisii
Euphorbia sipolisii

Small, square-stemmed, cereiform, succulent shrub from sizzling Brazil. Grows to 1 meter high with many branches. Flowers dark red and glossy. Best indoors in bright sunny spot. Untried outdoors but possibly OK in frost-free area

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia 'Snowflake'
Euphorbia 'Snowflake'

Brilliant white cultivar growing columnarily to about 30cm height, and also offsetting. Flowers are red and yellow and make a wonderful contrast. Indoors is easy, outdoors is a bit experimental.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia sp 6131
Euphorbia sp 6131

Densely branched, lower branches probably later shedding. Branches 4-6 winged and constricted to spade shapes in strong light. Try outdoors only in very warmest position.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia sp 6131 Crest
Euphorbia sp 6131 Crest

A chance appearance at CC, this strong-growing thick chunky crest has a coral-like appearance. A plant for a pot, probably indoors.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia squarrosa
Euphorbia squarrosa

Related to E.stellata, but branches are less patterned and more triangular.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia stellata
Euphorbia stellata

Short straplike chevroned branches radiate from a turnip-like root which, in cultivation, should be raised to achieve a greater sense of satisfaction and wellbeing in the proud owner.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia stellispina
Euphorbia stellispina

Clump-forming short columns distinguished by the persisting branched rays of the inflorescence which are star-like, unusual and attractive, pink when fresh. Bright light for tight growth, outdoors is possible in mild areas.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia stenoclada
Euphorbia stenoclada

Silver Thicket, Madagascar's answer to the gorse bush. A slow grower. Grows best outdoors in a sunny, well drained frost-free position. OK in a pot but the green goes silver only in the sun. Trim lower branches for best trunkitude.

1.Outdoors only, (grows weakly indoors).

"Code": "1.Outdoors only, (grows weakly indoors)."

Euphorbia submammillaris Dwarf form
Euphorbia submammillaris Dwarf form

A densely branched cushion plant from South Africa which forms very tight compact mounds. Easy to grow but can be susceptible to excess humidity. Keep a bit on the dry side to be safe.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia superans
Euphorbia superans

One of the best, and the biggest, Medusa Head type. Looks great when flowering in brilliant yellow and the old branches dehisc nicely leaving a fab pineconiform central stem. Outdoors OK in a good position in a mild area. Indoors, it needs to be in the brightest light imaginable.

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Euphorbia symmetrica
Euphorbia symmetrica

South African, endangered. Globose stem to 150mm diameter, later occasionally offsetting. Not difficult in warm position in a pot. “...round fat plum puddings tied up in tartan cloths”.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia teixeirae
Euphorbia teixeirae

Angolan Tree Euphorbia, in Angola to 10m height. 3-5 angled deep green branches radiate in whorls from a round trunk. Outdoor capability unknown as yet, but well worth trying in mild areas.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia 'Toxic Milkshake'
Euphorbia 'Toxic Milkshake'

A world first, this hybrid was first bred in 1997, and released in 2006. Stunning short whitish columns, later variably offsetting. No spines. A pot subject for bright light or try it in a warm garden sheltered from winter rains.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia trigona Green
Euphorbia trigona Green

Called African Milk Tree, but unknown in the wild, even in Africa. Narrow shape and tolerant of low light, it suits house culture. Watch for thrips and red mite. Outdoors it sunburns and frosts easily, so ease it out gently.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Euphorbia trigona Red
Euphorbia trigona Red

African Milk Tree. Narrow shape and tolerant of low light, it suits house culture. Watch for thrips and red mite. Outdoors it sunburns and frosts easily, so ease it out gently.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Euphorbia tuberculatoides
Euphorbia tuberculatoides

One of the so-called 'Medusa Head Euphorbias', wherein branches radiate from a central caudex. Pot subject needing bright light for correct growth form.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia viguieri ankarafantsiensis
Euphorbia viguieri ankarafantsiensis

Bright red petioles and later a remarkable frosted club-shaped stem to 1 meter distinguish this Madagascan newcomer. Red flowers spring to autmn. Easy in a pot, but possibly touchy outdoors.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Euphorbia 'White Ghost'
Euphorbia 'White Ghost'

A variegated form of Euphorbia lactea, grows with the same habit but coloured mostly in stunning white. (Note: inexplicably called 'Grey Ghost' in NZ, but correctly known elsewhere as 'White Ghost').

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia 'White Rocket'
Euphorbia 'White Rocket'

Pallid like it evolved in an ice cave on a Death Star. Needs brightest light to keep away its ancestral melancholy. Outdoors OK in warmest best-drained spot, (in some areas may require move to new house to find the right spot).

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Euphorbia woodii
Euphorbia woodii

Recommended. Unusual landscaping groundcover to 60cm diameter. Many green branches radiate from central caudex. Lots of small yellow flowers often appear. Easy and quite tough.

1.Outdoors only, (grows weakly indoors).

"Code": "1.Outdoors only, (grows weakly indoors)."

Euphorbia woodii Head Crest
Euphorbia woodii Head Crest

Fascinatingly twisted like the fanciful green brain of an over-zealous environmentalist, this slowgrowing sport needs bright light in an indoors situation, and kept a bit drier in winter.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Faucaria bosscheana haagei
Faucaria bosscheana haagei

Easy to grow, freely offsetting Mesem with relatively few soft teeth on white bordered leaves. Lots of large yellow flowers during autumn/winter. Full sun, indoors or outdoors with good drainage.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Fenestraria rhopalophylla aurantiaca
Fenestraria rhopalophylla aurantiaca

Baby Toes. Dwarf succulent from southwest Africa with finger shaped leaves tipped with a translucent window. Flowers large, golden yellow. Indoors only. To keep plant compact and low give bright light, do not overwater.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Ferocactus alamosanus platygonus
Ferocactus alamosanus platygonus

Alamos Barrel Cactus. Grey-green, to about 30cm diameter, becoming columnar in time. Needs little water, esp. when cooler. Bright light indoors, or if outdoors only in best sheltered position e.g. under eaves.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Ferocactus glaucescens
Ferocactus glaucescens

Another species of barrel cactus.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Ferocactus herrerae
Ferocactus herrerae

Another species of barrel cactus.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Ferocactus histrix
Ferocactus histrix

Yellow spined barrel cactus from Mexico. Slowly grows to 50cm diameter and up to 1meter high. Yellow 4cm flowers produced throughout summer. Indoors only brght well ventilated position.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Ferocactus latispinus
Ferocactus latispinus

Very choice Mexican species with broad, flat spines and beautiful purple flowers in late autumn. Very slowly grows to about 40cm diameter. Indoors only with very good drainage, bright light and good ventilation.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Ferocactus latispinus flavispinus
Ferocactus latispinus flavispinus

Very choice colour form of latispinus with broad, flat spines and straw-coloured flowers in late autumn. Very slowly grows to about 40cm diameter. Indoors only with very good drainage, bright light and good ventilation.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Ferocactus macrodiscus
Ferocactus macrodiscus

Comments later, too busy right now!

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Ferocactus peninsulae
Ferocactus peninsulae

Comments later, too busy right now!

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Ferocactus rectispinus
Ferocactus rectispinus

Ferocactus are the slowgrowing, impressive Barrel Cacti from Mexico and adjacent deserts. They store water so well they need little watering esp. in winter. Prone to heat stress but also need bright light. Outdoors is risky.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Ferocactus schwarzii
Ferocactus schwarzii

Another species of barrel cactus.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Ferocactus wislizenii
Ferocactus wislizenii

Ferocactus are the slowgrowing, impressive Barrel Cacti from Mexico and adjacent deserts. They store water so well they need little watering esp. in winter. Prone to heat stress but also need bright light. Outdoors is risky.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Ficus palmeri
Ficus palmeri

Choice pachycaul from rocky slopes in Baja and Mexico. Best if kept bound and confined, to keep it small and shapely, like women's feet. (Just kidding). Bright light, withhold water when leafless, indoors only to be safe.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Fockea edulis
Fockea edulis

Vining caudiciform from south-west Africa. Silvery bumpulous caudex becomes quite large. Possibly hardy and worth trying in good outdoor situation if very well-drained. Sweetly scented greenish flowers in autumn.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Fockea multiflora
Fockea multiflora

The Vegetable Python of Africa.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Fouquieria splendens
Fouquieria splendens

The famous 'Ocotillo' of the southern US and Mexican deserts. Tall whippy branches radiate from ground level. Brilliant red flowers. Leaves appear when this opportunistic grower gets water but give it dryness also. Indoors or sheltered patio pot.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Frithia pulchra
Frithia pulchra

Low sand-dweller from the Transvaal with finger shaped leaves tipped with a frosted translucent window. Flowers purple with a yellow centre. Keep plant compact and low with bright light, and do not overwater. Indoors only.

7.Winter grower. Needs water in winter, not summer.

"Code": "7.Winter grower. Needs water in winter, not summer. "

Furcraea bedinghausii
Furcraea bedinghausii

Handsome blue-grey many-leafed rosette to 2m.+ in diameter, eventually with a 2m. high trunk. Suits most gardens including coastal areas. Harmless grey-green leaves, no spines. Tolerates frost.

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Furcraea gigantea Variegated
Furcraea gigantea Variegated

Comments later, too busy right now!

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Gasteraloe 'Green Hysteria'
Gasteraloe 'Green Hysteria'

A 2003 Corocac release. Handsome green slightly scabrous leaves in a stemless rosette to maybe 30cm diameter. Probably OK in well-drained outdoor situation with part shade.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Gasteria acinacifolia
Gasteria acinacifolia

A giant amongst Gasterias, lvs to 1m long. The inflorescence of bent 50mm pink flowers is branched like a tree and to 2m tall. Best in partial shade but will take some sun. Easy outdoors in well drained spot.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Gasteria batesiana
Gasteria batesiana

One of the finest Gasterias. Rosettes to 20cm diameter, later offsetting. Leaves almost black at times and holding a dark reptilian attraction for some of us.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Gasteria baylissiana
Gasteria baylissiana

Recent discovery from South Africa. Copiously white-dotted thick leaves form a dense cluster which looks geat in a natural crevice in your rockery. Globose pink flowers. Must ensure good drainage.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Gasteria 'Black Goes Spotty'
Gasteria 'Black Goes Spotty'

Strange hybrid which has a boring black phase when young but grows large (to 25cms+) and brightly spotted later. Its attractive inflorescence is often bifurcated unlike any other we know. Easy and OK out in mild areas.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Gasteria brachyphylla
Gasteria brachyphylla

Thick spotted leaves form a large fan to 60cms diameter! Rarely offsetting. Leaves flat, glossy or dull, pointy or rounder tipped. Pink flowers. Easy to grow in pot or garden.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Gasteria carinata
Gasteria carinata

Handsome medium rosette with white spotting on thick leaves which are soon triangular in section even on small offset plantlets. Tall inflorescence of pink flowers. Easy indoors or outside in the garden.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Gasteria croucheri
Gasteria croucheri

One of the largest Gasterias, rosettes to 1m diam. When older the leaves become distinctly three sided. Probably hardy, certainly OK outdoors in mild areas.

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Gasteria ellaphieae
Gasteria ellaphieae

Named in 1991, a choice miniature to 16cm diam. with heavily-disguised, reptilian-textured, triangular-sectioned leaves with a charming scabrosity of about 80 grit. Can offset. Bowl subject, but possibly ok in best outdoor position.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Gasteria glomerata
Gasteria glomerata

Comments later, too busy right now!

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Gasteria 'Jap 1'
Gasteria 'Jap 1'

Probably bred in Japan this hybrid has a milky pastel green leaf with darker longitudinal stripes. Fanshaped, later twisting a little and offsetting freely. Easy and probably OK outdoors.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Gasteria 'Jap 2'
Gasteria 'Jap 2'

Probably bred in Japan this hybrid has a bright green leaf with darker longitudinal stripes, and reptilian texture. Fanshaped, later twisting a little and offsetting freely. Easy and probably OK outdoors.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Gasteria nitida armstrongii
Gasteria nitida armstrongii

Regional distichous form of Gasteria nitida. Leathery straplike leaves lie flat to the ground. Very slowly offsets to form a cluster. Pink stomach-shaped flowers.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Gasteria 'White Tripe'
Gasteria 'White Tripe'

Unusually white variegated Gasteria (even the flowers are paler than normal). Grows to about 25cm or more. Offsets prolifically to produce dense clumps. Stomach shaped pinkish flowers. OK outdoors.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Gasworthia 'Banded Pearls'
Gasworthia 'Banded Pearls'

Stunning Gasteria/Haworthia hybrid with glossy raised tubercles (‘pearls’). Grows to 30cm with multiple offsets. Easy to grow and OK outdoors in good situations but best suited to indirect light.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Gasworthia 'Spotted Beauty'
Gasworthia 'Spotted Beauty'

Handsome glossy rosette to 30cm or more in diameter. Possibly capable of outdoor and garden cultivation but probably not very frost-hardy. An intergeneric hybrid between Gasteria and Haworthia.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Gerrardanthus macrorhizus
Gerrardanthus macrorhizus

Pregnant Pancake. Rare cucurbit, east African. Eventually forms a caudex to 2+ meters across. Small orange flowers. Good pot subject, sun or shade. OK outdoors in the garden if frost-free. Prune vines if necessary.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Graptopetalum superbum
Graptopetalum superbum

Notable for its superb colour rather than remarkable buttocks. Easy to grow species from Mexico forming groups of flattened pink rosettes. Speckled star flowers on many branched inflorescence in spring.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Graptoveria 'Debbie'
Graptoveria 'Debbie'

Stunning coloured hybrid between Graptopetalum and Echeveria. Offsetting to form small low growing clumps. Brightest colours in spring. OK outdoors in frost-free well drained sunny spot.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Gymnocalycium eurypleurum
Gymnocalycium eurypleurum

Glossy, flattened bright green cactus from a barren, inhospitable corner of Paraguay called Cerro Leon. Flowers freely, white with a hint of lilac. Easy to grow, prefers partial shade.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Gymnocalycium horstii buenekeri HU 79
Gymnocalycium horstii buenekeri HU 79

Bigbodied clusterer known for its few rotund ribs and pinkish flowers. Repot regularly for best large sized bodies. Easy to grow, prefers partial shade.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Gymnocalycium pseudomalacocarpus
Gymnocalycium pseudomalacocarpus

Reddish green cactus with attractive pink stripes from each areole. Native to salt dunes in Bolivia. Large pink flowers in spring. Easy to grow indoors.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Gymnocalycium saglione
Gymnocalycium saglione

From Argentina grasslands. One of the largest Gymno's, to 1/2 metre diameter after many years!!! Flowers readily. Easy to grow, prefers partial shade. Outdoors if protected from winter rain.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Gymnocalycium triacanthum
Gymnocalycium triacanthum

Small, solitary brownish-green cactus from Argentina. Spines are wonderfully variable; sometimes straight, sometimes curly. Grows to only about 6cm across. White flowers spring to autumn. Best in partial shade.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Gymnocalycium vatteri
Gymnocalycium vatteri

Low solitary olive-grey bodies with 1 downward and up to 2 sideways curved appressed spines. Flowers white.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haageocereus acranthus
Haageocereus acranthus

Haageocerus are colourful-spined columnar cacti branching from ground level. 1 to 4 m ht, depends on species. Flowers probably white or red. Grow in full sun, not yet sure of outdoor capability in NZ.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haageocereus sp 3509
Haageocereus sp 3509

Haageocerus are colourful-spined columnar cacti branching from ground level. 1 to 4 m ht, depends on species. Flowers white or red. OK outdoors in warm, well drained sunny spot.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haemanthus albiflos
Haemanthus albiflos

Comments later, too busy right now!

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Haemanthus coccinea
Haemanthus coccinea

Two large leaves apppear in autumn from a buried bulb. Leaves die down in spring. In summer a gorgeous blood red flower appears miraculously from the ground. Bright light for good leaves, OK outdoors in mild areas.

7.Winter grower. Needs water in winter, not summer.

"Code": "7.Winter grower. Needs water in winter, not summer. "

Hatiora epiphylloides bradei
Hatiora epiphylloides bradei

Extremely lovely endangered epiphytic cactus from montane cloud forest in Brazil. Golden yellow flowers. Becomes bright pink-red when dry and stressed. Likes air movement, shade, moisture. Suits hanger or similar situation.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Haworthia attenuata (confluent tubercles)
Haworthia attenuata (confluent tubercles)

Variable species. Tubercles vary from fine dots to bold confluent lines. Suits partial shade. Total dryness causes tip dryoff. Ideal small indoor clusterer, or in rockeries, but probably not very frost-hardy.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haworthia attenuata (fine dotted form)
Haworthia attenuata (fine dotted form)

Variable species. Tubercles vary from fine dots to bold confluent lines. Suits partial shade. Total dryness causes tip dryoff. Ideal small indoor clusterer, or in rockeries, but probably not very frost-hardy.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haworthia bayeri
Haworthia bayeri

Rare and highly sought-after species with beautiful leaf markings. Slow growing, solitary rosette to about 10cm diameter. This form is from De Rust, southern Cape. Easy to grow. Indoors only in bright light but not direct sun.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Haworthia bolusii blackbeardiana
Haworthia bolusii blackbeardiana

Larger growing form of bolusii. To 15cm diameter, rarely offsetting.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia chloracantha subglauca
Haworthia chloracantha subglauca

Haworthias suit partial shade or redden nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries. Not very frost-tolerant. About 70 species, many varieties. Most offset to form low clusters.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia coarctata adelaidensis
Haworthia coarctata adelaidensis

One of the ‘Columnar Haworthias’. Forms many upright leaf-clad stems radiating from an offsetting base. Stems may recline and reroot. Suits partial shade or reddens nicely in full sun but probably not very frost-tolerant.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haworthia coarctata chalwinii
Haworthia coarctata chalwinii

One of the ‘Columnar Haworthias’. Forms many upright leaf-clad stems radiating from an offsetting base. Sometimes stems may recline and reroot. Haworthias suit partial shade or redden nicely in full sun.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haworthia emelyae
Haworthia emelyae

This slow growing flat-topped rosette charms with its various colours and speckles especially in bright light. Deep pot needed to contain large roots. Water sparingly.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia emelyae comptoniana
Haworthia emelyae comptoniana

Very robust and large growing species (rosettes to 20cm) with attractively translucent, reticulated leaf tips. Extremely rare in habitat but easy to grow in cultivation. Best in light shade rather than direct sun.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia emelyae major
Haworthia emelyae major

Very attractive form of H. emelyae with dark, rough-surfaced leaves (almost like sandpaper). Rarely offsets and only grows to about 8cm across. Best indoors in bright light (but not direct sun).

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia emelyae picta
Haworthia emelyae picta

Not upheld as a taxon by the authorities but worth growing for its prettier leaves with milky white spots or lime green colours in varying amounts. Grows larger and leaves a little more rotund. Deep pot needed. Water sparingly.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia 'Emerald Cream'
Haworthia 'Emerald Cream'

Glowing white-yellow-green variant of Haworthia truncata with the same sawn-off leaves and offsets which soon form into a low mound. Suits a nice bonsai presentation with gravel and rocks.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia fasciata
Haworthia fasciata

Related to H.attenuata but smooth upperside of leaves. Suits partial shade or reddens nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries. Light frosts only. Prolific clusterer.

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Haworthia fasciata Variegated
Haworthia fasciata Variegated

Variably variegated form of fasciata which is related to H.attenuata but smooth upperside of leaves. Suits partial shade or reddens nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries. Light frosts only. Prolific clusterer.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haworthia glauca 'herrei' form
Haworthia glauca 'herrei' form

(was once herrei) This erstwhile herrei form is tubercled rather than smooth.One of the columnar Haworthias. Forms many upright leaf-clad stems radiating from an offsetting base. Bright light but not too hot.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haworthia habdomadis
Haworthia habdomadis

Haworthias suit partial shade or redden nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries. Not very frost-tolerant. About 70 species, many varieties. Most offset to form low clusters.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haworthia herbacea
Haworthia herbacea

This species has white flowers in late winter, bigger and fleshier than most Haw’s. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries, but probably not very frost-tolerant. Eventually offsets to form low clusters.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia hybrid CC7058
Haworthia hybrid CC7058

Haworthias suit partial shade or redden nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries. Not very frost-tolerant. About 70 species, many varieties. Most offset to form low clusters.

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Haworthia kingiana
Haworthia kingiana

New rarity related to minima, papillosa etc. In time will offset but perhaps looks best kept large and single, in a shallow bowl.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia koelmaniorum mcmurtryi
Haworthia koelmaniorum mcmurtryi

Described in 1984 this small slow-growing glistening-leafed fusiform-rooted dirt-hugger has blackened windows for its secretive lifestyle in South Africa. Keep on the dry side in a deep pot for the roots. Bright light indoors is best.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Haworthia limifolia
Haworthia limifolia

File Plant, or Umathithibala to the Zulu. Endangered in the wild (S.Africa) on account of its 'muthi' (magic) uses esp. to ward off lightning, 500,000 plants p.a. being needed to satisfy demand. Likes shade. Indoors or rockery.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haworthia limifolia striata
Haworthia limifolia striata

This is the form of H.limifolia from the Mozaam River. Haworthia suits partial shade. Ideal small indoor plant, or in well-drained rockeries. Not very frost-tolerant. Offsets prolifically in time to form low clusters.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haworthia limifolia ubomboensis
Haworthia limifolia ubomboensis

This Haworthia suits partial shade. Ideal small indoor plant, or in well-drained rockeries. Not very frost-tolerant. Offsets prolifically in time to form low clusters.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haworthia magnifica atrofusca
Haworthia magnifica atrofusca

Large dark and heavy rosette with an almost reptilian surface texture and dark windows (blinds drawn). Remains solitary and brooding with a deep melancholy. Best indoors in bright light to cheer it up.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia magnifica Correnterivier
Haworthia magnifica Correnterivier

Haworthias suit partial shade or redden nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries. Not very frost-tolerant. About 70 species, many varieties. Most offset to form low clusters.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia marginata
Haworthia marginata

Rare large growing species with rosettes eventually reaching a diameter of 20cm+. Varies from smooth to slightly tubercled. Best in partial shade, not too hot. Easy but slow.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Haworthia marginata x pumila
Haworthia marginata x pumila

Stunning naturally occurring hybrid, rosettes to 20cm+. The pearly tubercles are a variable feast of visual delight. Easy but slow. Best in partial shade, not too hot. Not one of the Soggy Bottom Boys so avoid waterlogged mix.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

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