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Code index

0 Indoor or Outdoor code not assigned.

1 Outdoors only, grows weakly indoors.

2 Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

3 Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

4 Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

5 Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

6 Indoors OK but not for beginners, Outdoors not OK.

7 Winter grower. Needs water in winter, not summer.

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Haworthia minima
Haworthia minima

Haworthias suit partial shade or redden nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries. Not very frost-tolerant. About 70 species, many varieties. Most offset to form low clusters.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia mutica
Haworthia mutica

Variable species that is sometimes difficult to distinguish from H. retusa and H. pygmaea. Haworthias suit partial shade or redden nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or probably OK in rockeries.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia nigra 'nana'
Haworthia nigra 'nana'

Tiniest form of the slow-growing H. nigra. Really suits a bonsai-style pot, with rocks, but should be OK outdoors, in fact should become even blacker in strong light. Probably not very frost-tolerant.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia obtusa dielsiana
Haworthia obtusa dielsiana

One of about 70 species, a windowed and rounded leaf end sets this one apart. Will offset to form low clusters. Suits partial shade. Not very frost-tolerant.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haworthia 'Ollason's Hybrid'
Haworthia 'Ollason's Hybrid'

(Syn. H. ollasoni) Unusually attractive hybrid with large glossy windowed leaves. Forms big, grunty rosettes (for a Haworthia) that will offset and form even bigger, gruntier mounds. Best in light shade. Watch for fungus gnat

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia papillosa
Haworthia papillosa

This is the 'papillosa' variant, with superb white tepuiesque tubercles and it grows to a huge size. How big? Who knows! Eventually it offsets. Large rebranched inflorescence. Possibly OK outdoors in best situation.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia parksiana
Haworthia parksiana

This is the smallest of all Haworthias and possibly the most endangered in habitat. Slowly forms cute tight clusters of hard dark green minutely tubercled unwindowed leaves. Avoid overwatering. Indoors only.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia pygmaea Crystalline form
Haworthia pygmaea Crystalline form

Splendid (and original) form of the variable H.pygmaea, its minutely papillate leaves giving a frosted appearance. Very slow to offset. Water sparingly.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Haworthia reinwardtii brevicula
Haworthia reinwardtii brevicula

Beautiful columnar miniature, slow growing, rare and not easy in cultivation. Forms many upright leaf-clad stems radiating from an offsetting base. Indoors only in a bright position not too hot.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia reinwardtii kaffirdriftensis
Haworthia reinwardtii kaffirdriftensis

Beautiful columnar miniature, slow growing, rare but easy in cultivation. Forms many upright leaf-clad stems, fatter than other forms, and radiating from an offsetting base. Indoors only in a bright position not too hot.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haworthia scabra
Haworthia scabra

Haworthias suit partial shade or redden nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries. Not very frost-tolerant. About 70 species, many varieties. Most offset to form low clusters.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia scabra lateganiae
Haworthia scabra lateganiae

Haworthias suit partial shade or redden nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries. Not very frost-tolerant. About 70 species, many varieties. Most offset to form low clusters.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia scabra morrisiae
Haworthia scabra morrisiae

Haworthias suit partial shade or redden nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries. Not very frost-tolerant. About 70 species, many varieties. Most offset to form low clusters.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia setata
Haworthia setata

Haworthias suit partial shade or redden nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries. Not very frost-tolerant. About 70 species, many varieties. Most offset to form low clusters.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia springbokvlakensis
Haworthia springbokvlakensis

Described in 1970 this slowgrowing solitary miniature reaches only10cm diameter. Choice translucent leaves. Needs a deeper pot for its thick roots. Water sparingly in partial shade. Indoors only.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Haworthia translucens tenera
Haworthia translucens tenera

This Haworthia is noted for its larger than usual flowers on shorter than usual peduncles. Nice finely bristled leaves and freely offestting. Suits partial shade. Ideal small indoor plant.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia truncata
Haworthia truncata

Horses' Teeth. Highly evolved leaves are windowed for sunlight to pass thru when the plant is flush with the ground. Needs bright light and light watering, esp. in cooler seasons. Suits pots only.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Haworthia truncata maughanii
Haworthia truncata maughanii

One of the most sought after Haworthias. Slow growing and unusual (looks like the lawnmower has had a go at it). Indoors needs bright light to keep its windowed leaves low to the ground. Untried outdoors.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Haworthia truncata x magnifica
Haworthia truncata x magnifica

Attractive manmade hybrid with an interesting windowed leaf. Offsets and grows faster than H.truncata and probably tougher, even OK outdoors possibly maybe perhaps?

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia turgida pallidifolia
Haworthia turgida pallidifolia

Haworthias suit partial shade or redden nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries. Not very frost-tolerant. About 70 species, many varieties. Most offset to form low clusters.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia turgida suberecta
Haworthia turgida suberecta

Haworthias suit partial shade or redden nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries. Not very frost-tolerant. About 70 species, many varieties. Most offset to form low clusters.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Haworthia venosa
Haworthia venosa

Haworthias suit partial shade or redden nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries. Not very frost-tolerant. About 70 species, and many varieties. Most offset to form low clusters.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haworthia venosa tesselata
Haworthia venosa tesselata

Haworthias suit partial shade or redden nicely in full sun. Ideal small indoor plant, or in rockeries. Not very frost-tolerant. About 70 species, many varieties. Most offset to form low clusters.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Haworthia viscosa
Haworthia viscosa

Wonderful miniature with 3 tight ranks of hard triangular pointed leaves vertically stacked and occasionally spiralling. A very slow grower but otherwise easy to look after in indirect light indoors or out of the rain outdoors.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Hechtia marnier-lapostollei
Hechtia marnier-lapostollei

Hechtias are succulent ground-dwelling desert bromeliads from Mexico to a little bit south of there. They can flower more than once per rosette! Allow dry periods, best in direct sun light. OK outdoors in mild areas.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Hesperoyucca whipplei
Hesperoyucca whipplei

Forms a tight spiny sphere of amazing blue leaves. To 1m diameter. Flowers come in a spectaculur panicle of white bells known as Our Lords Candle. Salt, wind, drought tolerant. Easy in a sunny position. Takes light frosts.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Hippeastrum sp CC2569
Hippeastrum sp CC2569

Lovely glaucous fan of thickened grey-green leaves in colder months arise from a huge spherical above ground bulb to 15 cm plus diameter. Gorgeous red-veined flowers in April and other months dependent on how confused it is.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Hoodia macrantha
Hoodia macrantha

Spiny succulent from very dry, stony areas in Namibia. Slow growing but can get to 80cm high. Flowers purple, hairy, 15-20cm diameter, the largest in the genus. Indoors only in brightest position, water sparingly and dry in winter.

6.Indoors OK, but not for beginners, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "6.Indoors OK, but not for beginners, Outdoors not OK."

Huernia aspera
Huernia aspera

Comments later, too busy right now!

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Huernia humilis
Huernia humilis

Clean cream coloured flowers on a small clusterer with stems to 7 cms tall. Not known to be foulsmelling but my memory may be failing me. Indoors only.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Huernia hystrix
Huernia hystrix

Small plant.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Huernia insigniflora
Huernia insigniflora

Comments later, too busy right now!

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Huernia keniensis
Huernia keniensis

Very easy stapeliad from Kenya. Forms dense mats of short stems. Flowers deepest red, bell-shaped and stink-free. Good indoor plant in bright light.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Huernia macrocarpa penzigii
Huernia macrocarpa penzigii

Ethiopian stapeliad. From the base of the stems emerge dark star-shaped flowers covered in papillose tubercles. Easily grown indoor plant. Keep dry in colder weather.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Huernia reticulata
Huernia reticulata

Also known as H.guttata ssp reticulata, being a dark form of guttata. Flower is a little like H.zebrina but less striped and has hairs down the entranceway.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Huernia thuretii
Huernia thuretii

Comments later, too busy right now!

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Huernia transvaalensis Rustenburg
Huernia transvaalensis Rustenburg

Wonderful red spotted flowers rather like H.zebrina. Fast-growing groundcovers with amazing flowers on new growth. Prefer large shallow bowl in shade to bright light. Outdoors, only if mild, and keep dry when cold.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Huernia urceolata
Huernia urceolata

Comments later, too busy right now!

6.Indoors OK, but not for beginners, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "6.Indoors OK, but not for beginners, Outdoors not OK."

Huernia zebrina magniflora
Huernia zebrina magniflora

This spectacular South African succulent has attractive striped and spotted, star flowers with a glossy, reddish 'lifebuoy' in the centre. Flowers freely for much of the year; no smell at all. Easy pot subject.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Hylocereus sp Pink Flesh
Hylocereus sp Pink Flesh

This is an earlier clone we got, grows fine outdoors in Auckland.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Hylocereus sp Red Flesh
Hylocereus sp Red Flesh

Source of the 1kg fruit known as Pitaya, brilliantly scarlet-fleshed, and forming after the large flowers. Two clones are possibly needed for fruit production. A vigorous scrambling cactus needing freedom to grow and good root run.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Hylocereus sp White Flesh
Hylocereus sp White Flesh

Prob. H.undatus. Source of a 1kg fruit known as Pitaya, this form is white-fleshed, and forms after the large flowers. Two clones are possibly needed for fruit production. A vigorous scrambling cactus needing freedom to grow and good root run.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Ipomoea mauritiana
Ipomoea mauritiana

Vigorous vining caudiciform, with huge purple flowers freely produced in late summer. Strictly summer growing but can survive Auckland winters (wet) outdoors in the garden.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Jatropha podagrica
Jatropha podagrica

Unusual spindle-shaped stem succulent from Central America and West Indies. Slowly grows to 50cm high. Groups of small bright red flowers in summer. Keep dry in winter when leaves drop.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Kalanchoe beharensis
Kalanchoe beharensis

Largest of all Kalanchoes, to 2m., sparingly branched. From the dry forests of western Madagascar. Plant for large tub or sheltered, warm, drained, garden bed.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Kalanchoe figuereidoi
Kalanchoe figuereidoi

Small plant with beautifully coloured leaves in bright light. Outdoor hardiness not yet assured for wet areas. Ask us for latest trial results.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Kalanchoe gastonis-bonneri
Kalanchoe gastonis-bonneri

Madagascan oddity to 50cm. Stresses up beautifully going white with red marbling if bright & underfed. Hides baby plantlet in roll of the leaf, like a vegetable kangaroo, but does not hop.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Kalanchoe hildebrandti
Kalanchoe hildebrandti

Comments later, too busy right now!

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Kalanchoe luciae
Kalanchoe luciae

Southern African species, foolishly (and wrongly) called Bronze Sculpture by some. To 60 cm ht. Reddens nicely with bright light and stress. Outdoors best. Cold-hardiness unknown, but thrives in Auckland gardens.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Kalanchoe marmorata
Kalanchoe marmorata

Beautiful Ethiopian low growing mini-shrub. Needs warmth and bright light. Stress colours up the marbling on the leaves something wonderful. Flower is an 8cm long pure white wonder.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Kalanchoe porphyrocalyx
Kalanchoe porphyrocalyx

Low subshrub or epiphyte from eastern rainforest areas of Madagascar. Suits pot or hanger, needs warmth & shelter outdoors. Attractive purple and cream flowers in spring.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Kalanchoe pumila
Kalanchoe pumila

Powdery-leaved species from Madagascar. Can be greyish-pink to almost white in colour. Small pink flowers from a short terminal inflorescence. Easy to grow, full sun, well drained mix. For rockery or pot.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Kalanchoe tomentosa
Kalanchoe tomentosa

Commonly called the Panda Plant, this species from Madagascar is best grown in full sun where it will form a bush up to 80cm in height. Flowers brownish, borne on a long stem. Probably not hardy outdoors.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Kedrostis nana
Kedrostis nana

A vining cucurbit Lump Plant from Africa, with yellow pear-shaped fruit about 1.5cm long. Tiny yellow flowers. Caudex gets to 30cm+ in diameter. Possibly OK outdoors in well drained site.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Kleinia obesa
Kleinia obesa

syn. Senecio deflersii. Rare and unusual species from Yemen (Arabia) Thick upright stems to 50cm high, bright yellow shaving-brush flowers from stem tips in autumn/winter. Remove dead flowers. Bright light, indoors only.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lachenalia viridiflora
Lachenalia viridiflora

Winter-growing bulb with almost-succulent leaves and reliable green flowers in May.

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Lampranthus roseus
Lampranthus roseus

Fast filling a fertile flowerbed followed by fantastic floriferousness in about mid-October in Auckland.

1.Outdoors only, (grows weakly indoors).

"Code": "1.Outdoors only, (grows weakly indoors)."

Ledebouria botryoides
Ledebouria botryoides

Used to be Drimiopsis kirkii. Has a spotted leaf like L.socialis but more tidy with less of the older dry tunics. Easy to grow in a pot. Try in warm rockery in mild areas also.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Ledebouria cooperi
Ledebouria cooperi

Tiny multiplying bulb. Stripey grass-like leaves and cute purple flowers arrive in spring. Expect yearly improvement in plant density and in your fondness for it. It’s a bloody cracker. Leave it outdoors in all seasons.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Ledebouria socialis
Ledebouria socialis

Formerly known as Scilla violacea, this charming little bulb grows well indoors or out, in a sunny well drained position. Small whitish-purple flowers are produced in late spring.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Leuchtenbergia principis
Leuchtenbergia principis

Unique cactus from Mexico. Slowly to 50 cm ht, sometimes offsetting from the woody trunk. Large scented yellow flowers in summer. Appreciates repotting. Likes a dry winter.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Lithops aucampiae
Lithops aucampiae

One of the largest Lithops, heads to 5cm+. Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills. Water sparingly, and give a dry winter until October. Flowers Jan – May.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops aucampiae euniceae
Lithops aucampiae euniceae

'Splattered Liver", a particularly fine subspecies, large-bodied and boldly patterned, originally disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa. Suited for bright windowsills. Water sparingly, and give a dry winter until October.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops aucampiae euniceae fluminalis C 54
Lithops aucampiae euniceae fluminalis C 54

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills. Water sparingly, and give a dry winter until October. Flowers Jan - May.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops aucampiae 'Jackson's Jade'
Lithops aucampiae 'Jackson's Jade'

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills. Water sparingly, and give a dry winter until October. Flowers Jan - May.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops aucampiae koelemanii C 16
Lithops aucampiae koelemanii C 16

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops aucampiae 'Snowcap'
Lithops aucampiae 'Snowcap'

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops bromfieldii glaudinae C 116
Lithops bromfieldii glaudinae C 116

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops bromfieldii insularis 'Sulphurea' C 362
Lithops bromfieldii insularis 'Sulphurea' C 362

This yellow-green cultivar is known for its rapid multiheaded growth. Suited for bright windowsills. Water sparingly, and give a dry winter until October. Flowers Jan - May.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops bromfieldii mennellii C 283
Lithops bromfieldii mennellii C 283

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops dinteri multipunctata C 181
Lithops dinteri multipunctata C 181

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops dorotheae C 124
Lithops dorotheae C 124

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops dorotheae C 300
Lithops dorotheae C 300

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops fulviceps 'Aurea'
Lithops fulviceps 'Aurea'

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops fulviceps C 266
Lithops fulviceps C 266

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops gesinae annae C 78
Lithops gesinae annae C 78

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops gracilidelineata 'streyi' C 373
Lithops gracilidelineata 'streyi' C 373

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops hookeri
Lithops hookeri

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops hookeri dabneri C 13
Lithops hookeri dabneri C 13

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops hookeri susannae C 91
Lithops hookeri susannae C 91

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops hookeri 'Vermiculate form' C 335
Lithops hookeri 'Vermiculate form' C 335

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops julii C 64
Lithops julii C 64

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops julii reticulata
Lithops julii reticulata

One of the best Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in Namibia. Suited for bright windowsills. Water sparingly, and give a dry winter until October. Flowers Jan - May. Watch for root bugs.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops karasmontana C 226
Lithops karasmontana C 226

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops karasmontana lericheana C 329
Lithops karasmontana lericheana C 329

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops karasmontana 'mickbergensis' C 169
Lithops karasmontana 'mickbergensis' C 169

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops karasmontana 'opalina'
Lithops karasmontana 'opalina'

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills. Water sparingly, and give a dry winter until October. Flowers Jan - May.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops karasmontana tischeri C 182
Lithops karasmontana tischeri C 182

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops lesliei 'Albinica'
Lithops lesliei 'Albinica'

Odd form with white flowers and lacking normal brown pigments. Suited for bright windowsills. Water sparingly, and give a dry winter until October. Flowers Jan - May. Watch for root bugs.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops lesliei burchellii C 308
Lithops lesliei burchellii C 308

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills. Water sparingly, and give a dry winter until October. Flowers Jan - May.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops lesliei C 10
Lithops lesliei C 10

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops lesliei C 33
Lithops lesliei C 33

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops lesliei hornii
Lithops lesliei hornii

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops lesliei 'Kimberley form' C 14
Lithops lesliei 'Kimberley form' C 14

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops lesliei venteri C 1
Lithops lesliei venteri C 1

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops lesliei venteri 'maraisii' C 153
Lithops lesliei venteri 'maraisii' C 153

This was separated from std venteri for its larger dark windows, less curtained. Suited for bright windowsills but shade the pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops localis C 345
Lithops localis C 345

This was separated from std venteri for its larger dark windows, less curtained. Suited for bright windowsills but shade the pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops marmorata elisae C 251
Lithops marmorata elisae C 251

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops naureeniae
Lithops naureeniae

Described only in 1980, requires less water and brighter light than most Lithops. Water sparingly, and give a dry winter until October. Last of the yellows to flower.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops optica C 287
Lithops optica C 287

This is the green form which grows wild alongside (and in fact siblings of) the purple optica 'rubra' in a very harsh hot coastal strip of Namibia. Of all the so-called Living Stones, these optica flower latest into winter and need some water through Autumn. However, they also need their summer water to arrive later than other Lithops species and in very restrained amounts too. Suited for bright windowsills but shade the pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops optica 'Rubra'
Lithops optica 'Rubra'

An intense ruby pink mutant Living Stone, disguised for stony deserts in the southern Namibian fog belt. Suited for bright windowsills. Water sparingly, and give a dry rest July until October while old leaves are re-absorbed.

6.Indoors OK, but not for beginners, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "6.Indoors OK, but not for beginners, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops otzeniana
Lithops otzeniana

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Lithops pseudotruncatella archerae C 104
Lithops pseudotruncatella archerae C 104

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops pseudotruncatella groendrayensis C 244
Lithops pseudotruncatella groendrayensis C 244

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops pseudotruncatella Red veiny form
Lithops pseudotruncatella Red veiny form

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills. Water sparingly, and give a dry winter until October. Flowers Jan - May.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops pseudotruncatella volkii C 69
Lithops pseudotruncatella volkii C 69

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops 'Redfaced Mick'
Lithops 'Redfaced Mick'

A red selection from L. karasmontana mickbergensis. Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops salicola 'maculate' C 86
Lithops salicola 'maculate' C 86

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops schwantesii C 191
Lithops schwantesii C 191

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops schwantesii C 80
Lithops schwantesii C 80

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops schwantesii rugosa C 192
Lithops schwantesii rugosa C 192

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops schwantesii urikosensis C 75
Lithops schwantesii urikosensis C 75

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops sp
Lithops sp

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops verruculosa
Lithops verruculosa

This is the only Lithops species with pink flowers, all the rest having white or yellow flowers. Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops verruculosa 'Rose of Texas'
Lithops verruculosa 'Rose of Texas'

This is a colour form of the only Lithops species with pink flowers, all the rest having white or yellow flowers. Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lithops villetii deboeri
Lithops villetii deboeri

Living Stones, disguised for stony deserts in southern Africa . Suited for bright windowsills but shade pots to keep roots cool. Water sparingly, and give mature plants a dry winter until outer leaves shrivel up.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Lobivia aurea Red-flowered form
Lobivia aurea Red-flowered form

A red-flowered form of Lobivia aurea from Sierra de Ancasti, Argentina. Lovely blood-red flowers about 8 cm diam at the top of the bodies which eventually cluster. Easy and probably OK outdoors in welldrained location.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Lobivia chilensis
Lobivia chilensis

Comments later, too busy right now!

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Lobivia thionantha glauca
Lobivia thionantha glauca

Unusual Lobivia in having a powdery glaucous almost blue surface to its skin. Straight black spines and reliable pale yellow flowers in summer make this a fine miniature for the windowsill or greenhouse.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Lobivia wrightiana winteriana
Lobivia wrightiana winteriana

A spectacular-flowering cactus from Bolivia and Peru having carmine-red flowers with a white throat. Spines are curved and much better when grown in strong light.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Lomatophyllum citreum
Lomatophyllum citreum

(syn. Aloe citrea). Madagascan with berry fruit. Flat rosettes to 30cm diam, leaves dark green. Flowers lemon-yellow (hence the species name) with green midrib. Best in shade or indirect light. OK outdoors in mild areas.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Lomatophyllum prostratum
Lomatophyllum prostratum

Aloe relative from Madagascar. Flat rosettes to 35cm, leaves beautifully mottled. Flowers bright red with green tips. Grows best in shade or indirect light. Probably not OK outdoors.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Lophocereus schottii Monstrose
Lophocereus schottii Monstrose

The famed Totem Pole Cactus, a spineless mutant discovered in 1930 in one wild colony about 300 x 1600 m long in Baja desert, California. Superb looking, it was collected almost to extinction for the US market. Not difficult to grow.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Mammillaria camptotricha
Mammillaria camptotricha

Birdsnest Cactus. Tangle-topped bodies form mounded clusters in time. Sweetly scented small white flowers in mid-summer. Probably best lept in a pot in medium light.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Mammillaria candida
Mammillaria candida

Beautiful white clumping species from Mexico. Produces many small whitish flowers in rings around the top. Indoors only in brightest light. Keep fairly dry in winter.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Mammillaria carmenae
Mammillaria carmenae

Clustering bodies densely covered in friendly cream squeezable spination. Best indoors in very bright light to encourage tight compact growth. Small white flowers in early spring. Water sparingly, keep dry in winter.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Mammillaria elongata Cristate
Mammillaria elongata Cristate

Mound-forming, brain-shaped, and highly intelligent form of a relatively common cactus not known for its intellect. Keep indoors in bright light, and avoid overhead watering in winter, as trapped water can cause rots.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Mammillaria 'Fred'
Mammillaria 'Fred'

Seriously bizarre mutant form of Mammillaria bocasana. Pudgy, soft green blobs like silly putty, occasional bristly spines and white flowers with nothing but petals. Easy indoor plant in bright light.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Mammillaria hahniana
Mammillaria hahniana

A classic globular cactus from Mexico, long known and grown for its mounds of balls covered in white hair from which appear rings of purple flowers in late winter. Bright light for great hair.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Mammillaria hahniana superba
Mammillaria hahniana superba

A beautifully white long-haired form of this classic globular cactus from Mexico, long known and grown for its mounds of balls covered in white hair from which appear rings of purple flowers in late winter. Bright light for great hair.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Mammillaria magnimamma SB 40
Mammillaria magnimamma SB 40

Exceptional form with thick, curving, white spines. Clump-forming cactus from Mexico. Numerous small whitish flowers spring to summer. Good pot specimen for bright indoor spot.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Mammillaria microhelia
Mammillaria microhelia

Clustering cactus from Mexico with upright stems to around 15cm high. Flowers in winter/spring are coloured pink (‘microheliopsis’ form) or yellow-green. Easy to grow, best in sunny position indoors.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Mammillaria pectinifera
Mammillaria pectinifera

syn. Solisia pectinata. CITES 1 species known only from 2 tiny populations totalling 158 plants in 1987, at 1900m asl in Mexico. Solitary small bodies, white to pink flowers, intricate pectinate spination. Slowgrowing rarity.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Mammillaria perezdelarosae
Mammillaria perezdelarosae

Gorgeous newer Mexican cactus with hooked black central spines standing out from the white radials on a body to 15cm ht., later offsetting basally. Indoors only, in bright light.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Mammillaria pettersonnii Lau 1063
Mammillaria pettersonnii Lau 1063

An especially large-bodied Mamm with dense ginger spination and (eventually) large offsets forming a large mound. The initial central body can reach 20cms diameter! Indoors only in NZ.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Mammillaria plumosa
Mammillaria plumosa

Choice Mexican cactus with soft feathery white spines. Highly scented white flowers in winter. Will slowly fill a huge bowl with a mound-like cluster. Indoors only, in brightest light. Water infrequently.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Mammillaria rekoi leptacantha
Mammillaria rekoi leptacantha

Short-columnar Mexican cactus to 20cm high. Small pink flowers around top of plant (sometimes forming a ring), spring to summer. Best kept in very bright light indoors away from curtains (spines get tangled). Easy.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Manfreda variegata
Manfreda variegata

Beautiful soft leaved speckled rosettes to 80cm across. Scented brown flowers on 2m long stalks in late spring. Dies back to tuberous rootstock in winter. Good rock garden plant. From Texas & Mexico.

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Marniera chrysocardium
Marniera chrysocardium

Uncommon Mexican epiphytic cactus with large fern-like stems to several meters long. Best grown in shade and kept fairly well watered. OK outdoors if sheltered. Huge fragrant white nocturnal flowers.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Massonia depressa
Massonia depressa

Two leaves apppear in autumn from a buried bulb. By mid-winter a scented white shavingbrush flower sits between them. Leaves die down in spring. Bright light for good leaves, OK outdoors in mild areas.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Massonia echinata
Massonia echinata

Two pustulate & hairy green leaves appear in autumn from a buried bulb, soon followed by flowers with dark reddish anthers. Leaves die down in spring. Bright light is best, OK outdoors in mild areas, but keep dryish in summer.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Massonia pustulata
Massonia pustulata

Two pustulate burgundy-toned leaves appear in autumn from a buried bulb, soon followed by flowers with yellow anthers. Leaves die down in spring. Bright light for good leaves, OK outdoors in mild areas, but keep dryish in summer.

3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas.

"Code": "3.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK in warm, well-drained position in mild areas."

Matelea cyclophylla
Matelea cyclophylla

Rare and unusual Mexican caudiciform plant. Soft corky swollen base to 15cm across with vining growth and brown star shaped flowers. Dormant and leafless during colder months when it should be kept totally dry. Indoors only.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Matucana aureiflora
Matucana aureiflora

Peruvian, solitary body to 13 cm diameter. Bright yellow flowers in summer, but the glossy deep green bodies with almost pectinate clusters of bicoloured spines are as much of an attraction. Medium light, away from winter's wetness.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Melocactus matanzanus
Melocactus matanzanus

From the April sun in Cuba, the world's smallest Melo reaches maturity at about 12cm diam. When mature a woolly dome is produced on the top of the plant from which small bright pink flowers arise. Easy indoors in bright light.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Melocactus rubrispinus FR 1330
Melocactus rubrispinus FR 1330

10 cm long red spines make this one of the more formidable Melocacti. Plant body gets to about 12cm by 20cm high. Keep evenly watered (not too wet nor too dry) in a warm sunny area indoors. Flowers pink.

5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK.

"Code": "5.Indoors OK, Outdoors not OK."

Mestoklema arboriforme
Mestoklema arboriforme

A shrubby mesem grown for its bizarre roots and eventually thickened coppery trunk. Small rusty red flowers. Best outdoors, as a bonsai in a pot or in a ground bed where the eye can appreciate its wonderful base. Possibly hardy.

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Mestoklema tuberosum
Mestoklema tuberosum

Shrubby mesem grown for its bizarre roots, thick trunk and treelike branching. Small pink flowers. Best outdoors, as a potted bonsai or raised in a rockery or bed so as to appreciate its wonderful base. If indoors needs bright light.

2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow.

"Code": "2.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK, easy to grow."

Momordica rostrata
Momordica rostrata

Strange African caudiciform from the Cucumber Family. Large furrowed lump with vigorous summer-growing vine & yellow flowers and beautiful fruit if pollinated. Keep drier in winter, but will most likely remain in leaf.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

Monadenium guentheri
Monadenium guentheri

Excellent bonsai subject, this Kenyan native has thick gnarly roots which, like piglets, can be profitably raised. Stems 15-20cm long with small greenish pink flowers at the tip. Indoors only in bright light.

4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain.

"Code": "4.Indoors OK, Outdoors OK only if protected from winter rain."

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